Saint Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great in 1703. Named after Saint Peter the Apostle.
In May 27, 1703 It became capital of the Russian Empire for more than two hundred years (1712–1728, 1732–1918)
He was an interesting dynamic character and as Tsar, by force of will and determination had this beautiful city of stone literally rise above the swampy mud on which it was built. It is often said that the city was built on the bones of the numerous Serfs and workers who died building her up with granite and mortar, working 20 hour days during Summer, and during frigidly cold Winter months.
Saint Petersburg is a monument to Peter the Great (1672-1725) and the Romanov dynasty, with numerous reminders of his glory and life through palaces, statues, place names, stories and legends.
It is a relatively young city by European standards , a lot younger than Moscow which turned 871 earlier this year (2018) . My wife and I went to the birthday weekend in Moscow and it was a fantastic vibrant experience, dancers, ballerinas, classical and contemporary musicians and acts.
Within 30 years which a very short space of time, the inner city had largely being built. The most impressive building of the Petrine (Peter’s) era was the Menshikov Palace. Menshikov was a close confidante of the Tsar and later disgraced after his Peter’s death.
The main purpose for building a city here on the Neva with direct water/river access to the Gulf of Finland was to finally have a link to the Baltic and Europe via the sea. At that time Russia was fighting off the Swedes.
We offer specialist walking tours of Saint Petersburg